Money should follow the recipient. It should not be given to providers who claim to serve the recipients. Historically--the GI Bill.
Centralization is the enemy--leads to large, anonymous experiences. That's dangerous, particularly for young adolescent boys.
Children can tell when playing fields are not level, they have extremely sensitive ears and eyes for bullshit and hypocrisy.
They have to see that they matter--and that must be personal, face-to-face, even intimate.